Intercourse pain, or dyspareunia, can cause problems in a couple’s sexual relationship. In addition to the physically painful sex, there is also the possibility of negative emotional effects. So the problem should be addressed as soon as it arises.
What Causes Painful Sex in Women?
In many cases, a woman can experience painful sex if there is not sufficient vaginal lubrication. When this occurs, the pain can be resolved if the female becomes more relaxed, if the amount of foreplay is increased, or if the couple uses a sexual lubricant.
In some cases, a woman can experience painful sex if one of the following conditions is present:
This is a common condition. It involves an involuntary spasm in the vaginal muscles, sometimes caused by fear of being hurt.
These conditions are common and include yeast infections.
Problems with the cervix (opening to the uterus). In this case, the penis can reach the cervix at maximum penetration. So problems with the cervix (such as infections) can cause pain during deep penetration.
Problems with the Uterus
These problems may include fibroids that can cause deep intercourse pain.
This is a condition in which the tissue similar to that which lines the uterus grows outside the uterus.
Problems with the Ovaries
Problems might include cysts on the ovaries.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
With PID, the tissues deep inside become badly inflamed and the pressure of intercourse causes deep pain.
This is a pregnancy in which a fertilized egg develops outside the uterus.
With menopause, the vaginal lining can lose its normal moisture and become dry.
Intercourse Too Soon After Surgery or Childbirth.
Most women need to wait at least 6 weeks before having sex after a C-section, or until their doctor or midwife says it is safe.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
These may include genital warts, herpes sores, or other STDs.
Injury to the Vulva or Vagina
These injuries may include a tear from childbirth or from a cut (episiotomy) made in the area of skin between the vagina and anus during labor.
This refers to chronic pain that affects a woman’s external sexual organs — collectively called the vulva — including the labia, clitoris, and vaginal opening. It may occur in just one spot, or affect different areas from one time to the next. Doctors don’t know what causes it, and there is no known cure. But self-care combined with medical treatments can help bring relief.